World Languages

 

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Spanish Archivo

Curriculum for Spanish - Level 1

 

© 2013 by Kevin Cessna

www.spanisharchivo.com

 

 

 

Standard:  Interpersonal Communication

Measurment Category 1.1:  Conversations

                                                                                           Year 1 – Novice

While engaged in tasks involving interpersonal communication, the student engages in brief or memorized conversations to demonstrate level appropriate language in culturally authentic situations by being able to correctly:

·         use appropriate forms of address, greetings and farewells

·         make introductions

·         ask simple questions and give simple answers

·         make basic requests

·         describe self, family, friends

·         describe people, places and things

·         state simple information about self (telephone number, birthday, etc…)

·         express simple agreement and disagreement

·         express likes and dislikes

·         recognize and use appropriate verbal communication

·         use speaking and listening strategies to facilitate communication

 

Standard:  Interpersonal Communication

Measurement Category 1.2:  Written or Oral Response

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving interpersonal communication, the student demonstrates the ability to correctly write a level appropriate response based on a culturally authentic stimulus such as:

Stimulus

Response

·         picture or drawing

·         advertisement

·         travel brochure

·         dialogue

·         webpage

·         novice narrative

·         stating a simple answer

·         providing a basic description

·         providing a basic explanation

 

 

Standard:  Interpretive Communication

Measurement Category 2.1:  Reading Comprehension

Year 1 - Novice

While engaged in tasks involving interpretive communication, the student demonstrates the ability to:

·         understand central messages (1)

·         extract details (2)

·         combine elements (3)

·         make an inference (5)

·         make a prediction (5)

·         make a judgment (6)

·         respond to the text (6)

from reading authentic literary or informational texts such as those found in Appendix A.

 

Standard:  Interpretive Communication

Measurement Category 2.2:  Listening Comprehension

Year 1 - Novice

While engaged in tasks involving interpretive communication, the student demonstrates the ability to

·         understand central messages (1)

·         extract details (2)

·         combine elements (3)

·         make an inference (5)

·         make a prediction (5)

·         make a judgment (6)

·         respond to the text (6)

from listening to authentic works such as those found in Appendix B.

 

Standard:  Presentational Communication

Measurement Category 3.1:  Sentence Development

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving presentational communication, the student generates level appropriate sentences in both writing and speaking by being able to correctly use:

·         familiar nouns

·         basic descriptive and quantitative adjectives

·         familiar verbs in the present tense

·         basic adverbs

·         subject and some object pronouns

·         simple prepositional phrases

·         simple and some compound sentences

·         familiar phrases

·         simple syntactical differences

·         basic idiomatic expressions

·         transitions to express space or special order

 

Standard:  Presentational Communication

Measurement Category 3.2:  Paragraph Development

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving presentational communication, the student demonstrates level appropriate paragraph development

By generating:

Such as:

·         simple descriptive paragraphs

 

·         a fashion show

·         a set of instructions

·         an introduction

·         a movie review

·         a health and nutrition exercise video

·         a real estate advertisement

 

Standard:  Culture

Measurement Category 4.1:  Cultural Practices and Products

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving culture, the student demonstrates knowledge cultural products and practices by being able to correctly:

·         recognize (1) basic routine practices (such as family structures and interactions, meals, table manners)

·         identify (1) basic social practices (such as celebrations and holidays, fashion, sports)

·         identify (1) products and symbols (such as toys, games, dress, foods)

·         describe (2) products and symbols

·         identify (1) factors that influence culture (such as geography, weather, demographics, history)

·         identify (1) Spain as the source country of the Spanish language

·         identify (1) the 21 Spanish-speaking countries

·         identify (1) the capitals of the 21 Spanish-speaking countries

·         identify (1) areas of the US that have been influenced by Hispanic culture

 

Standard:  Comparisons

Measurement Categories 5.1:  Written and Spoken Language

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving comparisons, the student demonstrates an understanding of the relationship between written and spoken language by being able to:

·         read and recite the Spanish alphabet

·         pronounce vowels correctly

·         pronounce diphthongs correctly

·         pronounce consonants correctly

·         demonstrate accurate intonation

·         use punctuation and diacritical markings accurately

·         apply the rules of accentuation and use written accent marks accurately

·         use capital letters correctly

 

Standard:  Comparisons

Measurement Category 5.2:  Thematic Vocabulary

Level 1

 

While engaged in tasks involving comparisons, the student demonstrates the ability to correctly use level appropriate vocabulary as found in cultural contexts including:

World

·         simple geographical terms

·         names of 21 Spanish-speaking countries and their capitals

·         nature and the environment (basic words plants and animals)

·         common animals: insects, birds, reptiles, mammals

Leisure Time

·         days of the week

·         months of the year and dates

·         basic weather expressions

·         telling time and basic time divisions

·         simple pastimes and basic sports

Family and Home

·         simple description of people

·         basic temporary states

·         simple physical characteristics and basic personality traits

·         simple description of things and basic colors

·         immediate family

·         common first names

·         basic parts of the house

School and Education

·         basic educational words

·         basic items found in the classroom

·         basic words associated with language

·         basic mathematical operations

Travel and Transportation

·         simple places in a city

·         basic directions

·         basic travel expressions

Meeting
personal needs

·         common greetings and farewells

·         basic expressions of courtesy

·         basic introductions

·         expressing likes and dislikes with gustar

·         basic food expressions

·         basic clothing

·         basic parts of the body

World of Work

·         basic professions

·         basic work expressions

 

Standard:  Comparisons

Measurement Category 5.4:  Translation

Year 1

While engaged in tasks involving comparisons, the student demonstrates the ability to translate level appropriate texts from one language into another, including:

·         words

·         basic idiomatic expressions

·         prepositional phrases

·         simple sentences

 

Standard:  Comparisons

Measurement Category 5.5:  Grammar

Level 1

 

While engaged in tasks involving comparisons, the student demonstrates the ability to correctly use grammatical structures including:

Nouns and articles

·         gender of nouns ending in -o, -a

·         gender of nouns that refer to males and females (hombre, mujer)

·         plural of nouns

·         definite articles (el, la, los, las) and contractions with "al" and "del"

·         use of definite article with

·                     days of the week to express “on”

·                     titles

·                     times and dates

·                     names of certain cities and countries

·         indefinite articles (un, una, unos, unas)

·         omission of the indefinite article before cien and ciento

·         possession of nouns (use of de + noun to express ‘s)

·         the suffix -ito

Adjectives

·         agreement of adjectives

·         position (descriptive, nationality, possessive, numbers)

·         short form possessive

·         cardinal numbers 1 – 100

·         time and dates

·         ordinal numbers 1st - 10th

·         formation of basic adjectives of nationality

Verbs

·         present tense

·         formation of regular verbs and uses of the present tense

·         negation (use of no + verb)

·         stem-changing verbs (e-ie)

·         stem-changing verbs (o-ue)

·         stem-changing verbs (e-i)

·         verbs with irregular yo forms

·         irregular verbs ser, estar, ir, oír

·         future

·         expressing the future with "ir + a + infinitive"

·         present participle

·         formation of regular verbs

·         present progressive (estar + present participle)

·         ser and estar

·         idiomatic uses of verbs meaning “to be” (tener, hacer and hay)

·         helping verbs: poder, necesitar, querer, tener que, gustar, ir a

Adverbs

·         adverbs of time (tarde, siempre, ahora, hoy, etc...)

·         adverbs of place (aquí, allí, etc…)

·         adverbs of manner (bien, mal, depacio, etc…)

·         adverbs of affirmation and negation (sí, por supuesto, no, etc…)

Pronouns

·         subject

·         indirect object (used with gustar)

·         direct object

Prepositions

·         simple prepositions showing relationship (de, con, sin, sobre)

·         simple prepositions of location (a, en, a la derecha de)

·         simple prepositions of time (a, hasta)

·         personal a

Conjunctions

·         simple coordinating conjunctions (y, o)

·         simple subordinating conjunctions (que, porque, como, donde)

Interjections

·         simple interjections (¡Ay!, ¡Oye!,)

Other

·         interrogative words

·         word order of questions

 


Appendix A:  Authentic Materials as Sources for Reading Comprehension

 

The following list gives examples of sources where teachers can find authentic materials for reading comprehension texts.

 

Informational Texts

 

A sign posted in

a (bakery, restaurant)

A schedule

A personal note, letter, postcard

Instructions / directions  (games)

Menus

Recipes

Receipts ( a series of check stubs)

Tickets

Manuals  (driver’s, safety, instructional, product, games)

An online survey

A prescription

Labels (medical, food, nutritional, price, etc.)

A job application form (resumes, curriculum vitae)

Maps

A list of words or phrases

A poster (movie)

A narrative

A brochure

An excerpt from (excerpted from) or a passage from

an article

            on nutrition

            in a (hotel, cultural, entertainment) magazine

            from a (local, national, international) newspaper

            in a (health) digest

a letter to a friend

an essay

a (monthly, popular, science, airline) magazine

a (a short section in a) book or novel

a (international) newspaper

an editorial

An ad (advertisement) or notice

            in a neighborhood newspaper

            for a website (for television, a movie)

            in a newspaper (online or published)

            personal (that appeared in a Spanish publication in the US)

on a bulletin board

for travelers (such as an announcement on a plane)

the (food, movie, music) section of a newspaper

A website

A blog

 

Literary Texts

 

An excerpt from (excerpted from) or a passage from

a short story

a fable

a poem

song lyrics

a legend

a fable

a fairy tale

a novel

a play


Appendix B:  Authentic Materials as Sources for Listening Comprehension

 

The following list gives examples of sources where teachers can find authentic materials for audio clips for listening comprehension texts.

 

A conversation

in a (bakery, restaurant, airport, classroom, etc….)

between (two friends, a mother and her son, a teacher and a student, etc….)

A description of (a person, a thing, a place, an event)

A voice mail

An announcement

            (airport, train station, school, emergency)

A set of instructions / directions

A film, a television program or a video clip

A narrative

An excerpt or a passage from

a news bulletin

a radio broadcast

            (traffic, weather, sports, interview, commercials)

an audio clip on the Internet

an article

a letter

a magazine

a book

a novel

a play

a newspaper

an editorial

a short story

a poem

a legend

a fable

a fairy tale

a website

a podcast

a weather report

a popular song